UPSC NDA 2023: A Comprehensive Guide to the National Defence Academy Examination

UPSC NDA 2 Exam 2023 Notification

Table of Contents

UPSC NDA 2 Exam 2023 Notification

UPSC NDA 2 Notification 2023 pdf for NDA II Exam has been released by the UPSC at on 17th May 2023 announcing 395 vacancies for boys & girls to be recruited for FY 2023 for National Defence Academy and Naval Academy. The NDA exam is conducted by UPSC for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the Indian Defence Forces. This exam is a gateway to joining the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force as an officer. The direct link for the official NDA 2 notification pdf will be provided below, once it is published on the official website. Till then refer to NDA 1 Notification.

UPSC NDA 2 Exam 2023 Exam Summary

To have an overview of the UPSC NDA 2 Exam, the candidates must refer to the below summary table including all important details for the exam. Now eligible girls can also apply for National Defence Academy  & Naval Academy Examination. 

UPSC NDA 2 Exam 2023
Exam NameNational Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination (NDA & NA)
OrganisationUnion Public Service Commission
Exam Level National 
Total vacancies395
Application ModeOnline
Frequency of exam Twice a year
Exam stages Written Test and SSB Interview 
Exam mode Offline 
Exam duration Five hours (Mathematics: 2½ hours, General Ability Test (GAT): 2½ hours) 
Exam pattern GAT: 150 Objective type questionsMathematics: 120 Objective type questions
Eligibility Unmarried Boys & Girls 
Language of ExamEnglish and Hindi 

UPSC NDA 2 Exam Date 2023

NDA Exam Date 2023 has already been released by the UPSC for NDA 2 2023 exam along with UPSC Calendar 2023. The UPSC NDA-II 2023 Offline Written Examination will be conducted on 03rd September 2023 (Sunday) as mentioned in the notification pdf. Check the important dates for NDA 2 2023 from the below table and mark them on your calendar so you do not miss out on the exam dates.

UPSC NDA 2 Exam Date 2023
EventsNDA-2 Dates
NDA Notification 17th May 2023
NDA Application form 17th May 2023
Last date to apply 06th June 2023
Application WithdrawlTo be notified
NDA Admit Card 2023August 2023
NDA Exam Date 2023  03rd September 2023
NDA Answer Key [Unofficial]03rd September 2023
NDA Result 2023September 2023
SSB Interview To be notified

NDA 2 Vacancy 2023

The total number of vacancies to be recruited through the NDA 2 exam 2023 will be released along with the official NDA 2 Notification 2023 of the UPSC NDA 2 2023 exam on 17th May 2023. This year, a total of 395 vacancies are to be recruited through NDA 1 Exam 2023 for National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Academy (NA) out of which 352 belong to NDA and the remaining 42 for NA. Check the below table for detailed vacancy distribution for NDA 1 exam 2023.

UPSC NDA 1 Vacancy 2023 
National Defence Academy Army208 (including 10 for female candidates)
Navy42 (including 03 for female candidates) 
Air Force(i) Flying – 92 (including 02 for female candidates) 
(ii) Ground Duties (Tech) – 18 (including 02 for female candidates) 
(iii) Ground Duties (Non Tech) – 10 (including 02 for female candidates) 
Naval Academy 
(10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme)
 25 (for male candidates only)
upsc nda

NDA 2 2023 Online Form 

The online application form for UPSC NDA 2 2023 exam will be activated on 17th May 2023 and ends on 06th June 2023 on All the eligible boys & girls candidates interested in NDA-II 2023 can fill the NDA 2 form 2023 through online registration by clicking on the link given below. 

NDA 2 2023 Application Fee

The Application fee for a General Category candidate is Rs 100/-

The fee can be deposited in any Branch of SBI by cash or can be submitted by using the net banking facility of the State Bank of India or directly by using Visa/ MasterCard/ Rupay Credit/ Debit Card.

Candidates belonging to SC/ ST candidates/ Sons of JCOs/ NCOs/ ORs are exempted from payment of the fee.

UPSC NDA 2 2023 Eligibility Criteria

The candidates must hold the minimum qualification to be eligible for Defence Jobs. Below we have mentioned the details for Education Qualification, Age Limit, Nationality, and Physical Standards.

NDA Education Qualification

For Army Wing of National Defence Academy: The candidate should be 12th pass/HSC or equivalent examination from a State Education Board or a University

For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy: The candidate should have completed their 12th Class/HSC or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics from a State Education Board or a recognised University

NOTE: The candidates appearing in the 12th Class under the 10+2 School Education or equivalent examination are too eligible to appear in the UPSC NDA examination.

NDA Age Limit 

Only unmarried male/female candidates born not earlier than 02nd January, 2005 and not later than 1st January, 2008 are eligible.


The candidates must be unmarried male/female and should be:

a Citizen of India, or

a Subject of Bhutan, or

a Subject of Nepal, or

a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 1st of January 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or

a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India

NDA Physical Standards

The candidates must be physically fit as per the physical standards for National Defence Academy and Naval Academy. They should be able to fulfill the following criteria:

(a) Running: 2.4 km in 15 minutes

(b) Skipping

(c) Pushups & Sit-ups: Minimum 20 each

(d) Chin-ups: Minimum 08

(e) Rope Climbing: 3.4 meters

NDA Height Requirements

For Ground Duty
Height RequirementMinimum heightMaximum height
Except states mentioned below157.5 cm
Height for Gorkhas and individuals belonging to 
North Eastern regions of India and hilly regions of Uttarakhand
152.5 cm
Candidates from Lakshadweep155.5 cm
For Flying Duty
Height RequirementMinimum heightMaximum height
Sitting Height81.5 cm96 cm
Leg Length99 cm120 cm
Thigh Length64 cm

UPSC NDA 2 2023 Selection Process

UPSC NDA 1 is the examination process that is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission to provide the opportunity to the youth of the country who wish to join defence jobs. The selection for defence jobs through NDA 1 Exam 2023 will be conducted in two stages:

Written examination

Intelligence & Personality Test (SSB)

A candidate who qualifies in a written examination will be called for a personality test which will be conducted to check the intelligence and personality. The candidates have to clear both stages to get their names on the merit list. The merit list/final result will be generated by UPSC with the cumulative score of the Written Exam and the SSB will be considered for final selection.

NDA 2 2023 Exam Pattern 

The candidates who are preparing for NDA I Exam 2023, must be familiar with the exam pattern that is followed by UPSC. We have discussed the details for NDA-1 Exam Pattern 2023 below:

1. The exam will be conducted in an offline mode

2. The questions will be in Multiple Choice Questions

3. The questions will be asked in bilingual languages (English & Hindi)

4. There will be a negative marking of 0.83 marks for Maths, 1.33 for English, and 1.33 marks for GK

5. Have a look at the detailed exam pattern for NDA I Examination

CodeSubjectMax. MarksDuration
1Mathematics3002.5 hours
2General Ability Test6002.5 hours
Total9005 hours

NDA 2 2023 Syllabus 

There would be two subjects Mathematics & General Ability Test for which the candidates have to be well-prepared. The candidates are advised to not skip any topic for NDA Exam and begin their preparation along with the detailed syllabus. There will be questions from English (200 marks) and General Knowledge (400 marks) in the General Ability Test.

Topics covered under Mathematics

Matrices and Determinants
Integral Calculus and Differential Equations
Vector Algebra
Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension
Statistics and Probability

Topics covered under General Ability Test

The questions in this paper will be asked from English language and General knowlegde.

Topics covered under English

Spotting Errors
Selecting Words
Ordering of Words in a Sentence
Sentence Improvement

Topics covered under General Knowledge

General Science
History & Freedom Movement
Current Affairs/ Events

NDA Exam Pattern:

Understanding the NDA exam pattern is crucial for effective preparation. The examination consists of two papers: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). The Mathematics paper assesses candidates’ mathematical aptitude and problem-solving skills, while the GAT covers English language, general knowledge, and reasoning ability. The total duration of the examination is five hours, with each paper carrying 300 marks.

NDA Syllabus

The NDA syllabus is designed to test candidates’ knowledge and aptitude in various subjects. The Mathematics syllabus includes topics such as algebra, trigonometry, calculus, and statistics. The GAT syllabus covers English grammar and comprehension, general knowledge including current affairs, physics, chemistry, general science, history, geography, and social studies. Candidates must familiarize themselves with the complete syllabus to plan their preparation effectively.

Preparation Strategies for NDA 2023 (Word Count: 1000)

Preparing for the NDA examination requires a well-structured approach. Here are some essential strategies to help you excel:

Understanding the Exam and its Requirements

Familiarize yourself with the NDA exam pattern, marking scheme, and selection process. Understand the physical fitness standards and personality traits valued by the defense services. Gain insights from previous years’ question papers and interviews to understand the expectations and prepare accordingly.

Creating a Study Plan

Devise a study plan that allocates sufficient time for each subject and topic. Balance your preparation for both mathematics and the general ability test. Include regular revisions and mock tests in your plan to assess your progress and identify areas that need improvement.

Strengthening General Knowledge

General knowledge plays a vital role in the NDA examination. Stay updated with current affairs, national and international events, and important government policies. Read newspapers, magazines, and online news portals regularly. Make notes of significant happenings and developments in various fields like science, technology, sports, and politics. Enhance your general knowledge by studying books, reference materials, and online resources specifically designed for NDA preparation.

Focusing on Mathematics

Mathematics is a crucial component of the NDA examination. Build a strong foundation by mastering basic concepts in algebra, trigonometry, geometry, calculus, and statistics. Practice solving a variety of mathematical problems, including both theoretical and application-based questions. Utilize textbooks, study guides, and online resources that provide comprehensive coverage of the NDA mathematics syllabus. Develop speed and accuracy by regularly solving practice papers and mock tests.

Enhancing English Language Skills

The English language section in the NDA examination evaluates candidates’ comprehension, grammar, and vocabulary. Improve your reading and comprehension skills by reading books, newspapers, and articles. Enhance your grammar and vocabulary through regular practice and solving exercises. Work on developing effective communication skills, both written and verbal, as it is essential for the interview stage of the selection process.

Physical Fitness and Personality Development

Apart from academic knowledge, NDA also emphasizes physical fitness and personality development. Engage in regular physical exercise, focusing on activities like running, swimming, and strength training to improve your overall fitness level. Practice outdoor sports to enhance your stamina, agility, and teamwork skills. Work on developing qualities like leadership, discipline, confidence, and decision-making through self-improvement activities, group discussions, and mock interview sessions.

Practicing Previous Year Question Papers and Mock Tests

Solve previous year question papers to familiarize yourself with the exam pattern, types of questions, and time management. Analyze your performance and identify areas where you need improvement. Take advantage of mock tests and online practice quizzes to simulate the exam environment and assess your preparedness. This will help you identify your strengths and weaknesses and focus your efforts accordingly.

Time Management and Exam-Day Strategies

Effective time management is crucial during the NDA examination. Practice solving questions within the given time limits to enhance your speed and accuracy. Develop a strategy for tackling different sections of the exam and allocate time accordingly. On the exam day, maintain a calm and focused mindset, read the questions carefully, and manage your time wisely.

There are several resources available to aid your NDA preparation. Utilize standard textbooks for mathematics and English grammar. Refer to books and study materials specifically designed for NDA preparation, covering the general knowledge and current affairs topics. Make use of online resources, such as educational websites, forums, and mobile applications, that provide NDA-specific study materials, practice papers, and mock tests. Additionally, joining reputable coaching institutes or enrolling in online courses can provide structured guidance and expert mentorship.


The NDA examination is a gateway to a rewarding career in the defense services. By understanding the exam pattern, covering the syllabus comprehensively, and following effective preparation strategies, you can increase your chances of success in NDA 2023. Remember to maintain a disciplined approach, stay focused, and continually assess your progress. With dedication, hard work, and the right resources, you can fulfill your aspirations of serving the nation in the armed forces. Best of luck in your NDA journey!

UPSC NDA Important Links 
Apply OnlineClick Here
 NotificationClick Here
 Official WebsiteClick Here

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about UPSC NDA 2023

Q1. What is UPSC NDA?

A1. UPSC NDA stands for Union Public Service Commission National Defence Academy. It is an examination conducted by UPSC to select candidates for admission to the Army, Navy, and Air Force wings of the National Defence Academy.

Q2. Who is eligible to apply for UPSC NDA 2023?

A2. Unmarried male candidates who have completed their 10+2 education or are appearing in the final year of their 10+2 are eligible to apply for NDA 2023. There are also certain age restrictions and nationality requirements that candidates must meet.

Q3. How can I apply for NDA 2023?

A3. The application process for NDA 2023 will be conducted online. Candidates need to visit the official UPSC website and follow the instructions provided to complete the application form. They must also pay the required application fee as specified by UPSC.

Q4. What is the selection process for UPSC NDA?

A4. The selection process for NDA consists of a written examination and an interview conducted by the Services Selection Board (SSB). The written examination includes papers on Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). Candidates who qualify in the written examination are then called for the SSB interview, which comprises various stages like intelligence tests, physical fitness tests, group tasks, and personal interview.

Q5. What is the exam pattern for NDA 2023?

A5. The NDA 2023 written examination consists of two papers: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). The Mathematics paper carries 300 marks, while the GAT paper carries 600 marks. Both papers are objective type and are conducted in offline mode. The duration of each paper is 2.5 hours.

Q6. How should I prepare for the NDA examination?

A6. To prepare for the NDA examination, it is essential to have a comprehensive study plan that covers all the subjects and topics mentioned in the syllabus. Focus on strengthening your mathematics skills, improving your general knowledge, enhancing your English language abilities, and working on your physical fitness. Regular practice, solving previous year question papers, and taking mock tests will also be beneficial.

A7. Yes, there are several recommended books and resources for NDA preparation. Some popular ones include books by Arihant Publications, Pathfinder for NDA & NA Entrance Examination, and NCERT textbooks for mathematics, English, and general science. Additionally, there are online platforms, coaching institutes, and mobile applications that offer NDA-specific study materials, mock tests, and practice papers.

Q8. Is coaching necessary for NDA preparation?

A8. While coaching is not mandatory, it can provide valuable guidance, structured preparation, and access to expert mentors who can assist you in understanding the exam pattern, syllabus, and effective preparation strategies. Joining a reputable coaching institute can help you stay focused, motivated, and disciplined throughout your NDA preparation journey.

Q9. What is the level of competition in the NDA examination?

A9. The NDA examination is highly competitive due to the limited number of vacancies available. The number of candidates applying for the exam is usually much higher than the number of seats. Therefore, it is important to prepare diligently and give your best to secure a good rank.

Q10. What qualities are the SSB interviewers looking for during the selection process?

A10. The SSB interviewers assess various qualities in candidates, including leadership potential, effective communication skills, problem-solving abilities, decision-making skills, teamwork, physical fitness, and mental agility. They also evaluate the candidate

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